Anakind

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http://yourbrainonporn.com/studies-refute-claim-sex-porn-addicts-just-have-high-sexual-desire

Fapping to porn being an indication of high sex-drive is one of the biggest copes on this forum.   :lol:


Studies refute the claim that sex & porn addicts "just have high sexual desire"

Porn addiction naysayers often claim that individuals with either sex addiction or porn addiction do not have addiction, they simply have high libidos. David Ley (author of The Myth of Sex Addiction), is one of the most vocal critics of porn addiction, and often claims that "high sexual desire" explains away porn addiction.

You may have seen Ley's Psychology Today blog post with the catchy title: "Your Brain on Porn - It's NOT Addictive". The Ley blog post is not about the science behind YBOP. Instead, it's about a single EEG study, whose lead author is Nicole Prause. Both Ley and Prause claim that the study's (Steele et al. 2013) findings support the premise that porn/sex addiction is nothing more than "high sexual desire."

Contrary to claims by Ley and study author Nicole Prause, Steele et al. reported greater cue-reactivity to porn correlating with LESS desire for sex with a partner (but not lower desire to masturbate to porn). To put it another way - individuals with more brain activation and cravings for porn would rather masturbate to porn than have sex with a real person.

Greater cue reactivity to porn coupled with lower desire for sex with real partners aligns the 2014 Cambridge University brain study on porn addicts. The actual findings of Steele et al., 2013  in no way match the concocted headlines or Ley's blog post assertions. Three subsequent peer-reviewed papers say that the Steele et al. findings actually lend support to the porn addiction model (as opposed to the "high sexual desire" hypothesis). 1, 2, 3. Also see this extensive critique, which exposes the numerous shenanigans and the study's methodological faults.

In 2015, Nicole Prause published a second EEG study, which found LESS neural response (with brief exposure to still images) for “porn addicts” when compared to controls. This is evidence of abnormally reduced desire in porn addicts. These findings align perfectly with Kühn & Gallinat (2014), which found that more porn use correlated with less brain activation in response to pictures of vanilla porn. In other words, "porn addicts" were desensitized and - far from having high sexual desire - needed greater stimulation than non-addicts to be turned on (two peer-reviewed papers agree with YBOP: 1, 2.). Put simply, the results of Prause's second EEG study indicate LESS sexual arousal - not higher desire.

In fact, Nicole Prause stated in this Quora post that she no longer believes that "sex addicts" have high libidos - 

"I was partial to the high sex drive explanation, but this LPP study we just published is persuading me to be more open to sexual compulsivity."
Since Prause has flip-flopped, where is Ley's support for the "porn/sex addiction = high libido" claim? Below are several recent studies that tested, and refuted, David Ley's "high libido = sex/porn addiction" claim entirely:

1) "Is High Sexual Desire a Facet of Male Hypersexuality? Results from an Online Study. 2015" - Researchers found virtually no overlap between men with with hypersexuality and men with "High Sexual Desire". Excerpt from the paper:

"The study findings point to a distinct phenomenology of High Sexual Desire and Hypersexuality in men."

2)
"Hypersexuality and High Sexual Desire: Exploring the Structure of Problematic Sexuality. (2015)" - The study found little overlap between high sexual desire and hypersexuality. Excerpt from the paper:

"Our study supports the distinctiveness of hypersexuality and high sexual desire/activity."

3)
"Neural Correlates of Sexual Cue Reactivity in Individuals with and without Compulsive Sexual Behaviours (2014)" - A Cambridge University fMRI study comparing porn addicts to healthy controls. The study found that porn addicts had lower sexual desire and greater difficulty achieving erections, yet had greater cue-reactivity to porn (similar to Steele et al. above). Excerpts from the paper:

"On an adapted version of the Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale [43], CSB subjects compared to healthy volunteers had significantly more difficulty with sexual arousal and experienced more erectile difficulties in intimate sexual relationships but not to sexually explicit material (Table S3 in File S1)."
CSB subjects reported that as a result of excessive use of sexually explicit materials..... experienced diminished libido or erectile function specifically in physical relationships with women (although not in relationship to the sexually explicit material)...

4)
Patient Characteristics by Type of Hypersexuality Referral: A Quantitative Chart Review of 115 Consecutive Male Cases (2015)” – Study on men with hypersexuality disorders. 27 were classified as “avoidant masturbators,” meaning they masturbated to porn one or more hours per day or more than 7 hours per week. 71% of the compulsive porn users reported sexual functioning problems, with 33% reporting delayed ejaculation.

5) "Erectile Dysfunction, Boredom, and Hypersexuality among Coupled Men from Two European Countries (2015)" - This survey reported a strong correlation between erectile dysfunction and measures of hypersexuality. Excerpt -

"Hypersexuality was significantly correlated with proneness to sexual boredom and more problems with erectile function."

6)
Adolescents and web porn: a new era of sexuality (2015)” – An Italian study that analyzed the effects of Internet porn on high school seniors, co-authored by urology professor Carlo Foresta, president of the Italian Society of Reproductive Pathophysiology. The most interesting finding is that 16% of those who consume porn more than once a week report abnormally low sexual desire compared with 0% in non-consumers (and 6% for those who consume less than once a week). Excerpt:

"In addition, 19% of overall pornography consumers report an abnormal sexual response, while the percentage rose to 25.1% among regular consumers."

7)
"Brain Structure and Functional Connectivity Associated With Pornography Consumption: The Brain on Porn (2014)" - A German fMRI study which found 3 significant addiction-related brain changes correlating with the amount of porn consumed. It also found that more porn use correlated with less reward circuit activation while viewing sexual photos. Researchers stated their findings indicated desensitization, and possibly tolerance, the need for greater stimulation. Lead author Simone Kühn said:
"That could mean that regular consumption of pornography more or less wears out your reward system."
Said the study,

"This is in line with the hypothesis that intense exposure to pornographic stimuli results in a downregulation of the natural neural response to sexual stimuli."
Simone Kühn continued:

"We assume that subjects with a high porn consumption need increasing stimulation to receive the same amount of reward." 
"That would fit perfectly the hypothesis that their reward systems need growing stimulation."

8)
Unusual masturbatory practice as an etiological factor in the diagnosis and treatment of sexual dysfunction in young men (2014) - One of the 4 case studies in this paper reports on a man with porn-induced sexual problems (low libido, fetishes, anorgasmia). The sexual intervention called for a 6-week abstinence from porn and masturbation. After 8 months the man reported increased sexual desire, successful sex and orgasm, and enjoying "good sexual practices."
In short, the evidence is piling up that internet porn erodes normal sexual desire, leaving users less responsive to pleasure. They may crave porn, but that is more likely evidence of an addiction-related brain change known as "sensitization" (hyper-reactivity to addiction-related cues). Cravings certainly cannot be assumed to be evidence of greater libido.
 

RealRob

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I know. On superhuman levels of testosterone, I feel a deep urge to fuck real women, and almost no urge at all to fap it to porn.
 
// Infolinks