08-24-2015, 08:20 PM
Quote:Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), also termed body dysmorphia or dysmorphic syndrome, but originally termed dysmorphophobia, is a mental disorder via obsessive preoccupation with a perceived defect in one's own appearance, viewed as so severe as to warrant exceptional measures to hide or fix it. In BDD's delusional variant, the flaw is imagined. If the flaw is actual, its importance is severely exaggerated. Distinguished from anorexia nervosa, BDD is categorized in the obsessive–compulsive spectrum.
A fairly common mental disorder, affecting some 1% to 2% of the population, BDD usually starts during adolescence, and affects men and women roughly equally. (The BDD subtype muscle dysmorphia, whereby one obsesses that one's body or some part of it is too small, is nearly exclusive to males.) In fear of being thought vain, persons experiencing BDD tend to keep the preoccupation secret, and BDD is severely underdiagnosed. Severely impairing quality of life, BDD can lead to social isolation and involves especially high rates of suicidal ideation.
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